According to World Health Organization survey 90% of schoolchildren have dental caries. And among main causes of this disease development dentists call the lack of habits and skills to brush teeth regularly.
This hygiene procedure is essential to prevent:
- teeth caries, as in dental plaque there is Streptococcus mutans (caries pathogen)
- inflammatory processes in the periodontium (gums). Since pathogenic (harmful) microorganisms can appear in a significant amount in the oral cavity, for example, Porphyromonas gingivalis (cause gum disease)
- tooth color changes. The love of coffee, strong black tea, tobacco changes the natural color of teeth to brown-yellow
- tartar formation. Deposition of plaque condenses over time and turns into tartar, which is harmful for both teeth and gums
- bad breath
Minimal Kit for Brushing Teeth
Tooth brush. First toothbrush is necessary for a child with first teeth appearance. This is an ordinary manual brush. After 6 years, you can use an electric toothbrush. Toothbrush must be individual and replaced every 3 months. But, a dentist must choose it. Then dental hygiene will be pleasant and effective.
Tooth paste. Its choice should always decide your dentist after previous examination of oral cavity. It is worth remembering, that among variety of tooth pastes, one can easily purchase one that can even cause harm to tooth enamel or gum.
Dentists prohibit to replace toothpaste with such abrasives as sea salt, soda, crushed charcoal. These are substances with a sufficiently high abrasiveness. They scratch the enamel, open the way for bacteria to enter the enamel, and increase the sensitivity of the teeth.
Mouthwash. Most often, these are antiseptic solutions that reduce the amount of microbes in the oral cavity. There are other rinses that have a stronger antiseptic effect. But, they have a definite purpose and can only be prescribed by a dentist. Therefore, do not take risks so as not to harm the oral mucosa, but seek the advice of a doctor.
Fluoride in Toothpaste: Needed or Not?
Since the 40s of XX century American dentists found out that regular use of fluoride while brushing your teeth significantly reduces probability of tooth decay. USA and Europe governments launched a large-scale campaign including water fluoridation and the promotion of fluoride-containing toothpastes.
For adults, the optimal fluoride concentration in the paste is considered to be 1350 ppm.
But, this recommendation is relevant for regions where the fluoride content is reduced in comparison with the norm.
For residents of regions with a high fluorine content in drinking water, such pastes can be harmful to tooth enamel. Namely, to cause a disease named fluorosis — a cosmetic defect in tooth enamel in the form of brown and white spots. Therefore, residents of certain regions of Ukraine are recommended fluoride-free pastes (for example, residents of the Poltava region).
How to Brush Teeth Properly
For tooth brushing manual or electric toothbrushes are used. Usually hygienist or dentist must teach you this procedure.
Here are some basic recommendations:
- Moisten toothbrush head with water.
- Apply toothpaste (pea-sized single dose).
- Turn the head of the toothbrush with a bristle to the dentition and place it at an angle of 45 degrees.
- Brush the front teeth with soft short movements parallel to dentition.
- In the same position, brush the outer surfaces of teeth.
- Turn the brush up with the bristle and clean the inner and chewing surfaces of teeth.
- Rinse your mouth with warm water.
- All tooth brushing should take 2-3 minutes.
Studies in 2009 on the relationship between the duration of brushing and the amount of plaque showed that 90% of the population brushes their teeth for up to 45 seconds. By increasing the duration of brushing up to 2 minutes, you can get rid of an additional 25% of plaque on the teeth and tongue.
As for the frequency of brushing, dentists recommend brushing your teeth in the morning and evening.
How to Brush Your Teeth After Tooth Extraction or Implant Placement?
Maintaining hygiene after surgical procedures is an important factor in the prevention of gum disease and the favorable healing of postoperative wounds.
For the healing period (this is 14-21 days) regular and electric toothbrushes, irrigators, dental flosses are prohibited. You can only use special “surgical” super soft toothbrushes.
Carefully, so as not to damage the blood clot that forms in the tooth hole or gum around the implant, it is recommended that you rinse your mouth with warm water or rinses as prescribed by the dentist for the first day after the procedure.
What is the Result?
An essential factor in maintaining oral health is good hygiene. Both individual and professional (hygiene procedures and preventive examinations of the oral cavity).
In the vast majority of cases, the prevention of oral diseases is more effective and cheaper than treatment.